Neo-sumerian great ziggurat of ur, near nasiriyah, iraq construction of the ziggurat the ziggurat at ur, a massive stepped pyramid about 210 by 150 feet in size, is the most well-preserved monument from the remote age of the sumerians. Ziggurat, pyramidal stepped temple tower that is an architectural and religious structure characteristic of the major cities of mesopotamia (now mainly in iraq) from approximately 2200 until 500 bce the ziggurat was always built with a core of mud brick and an exterior covered with baked brick. By 2000 bc mud-brick ziggurats were being constructed in many sumerian cities later, ziggurats were constructed in babylonian and assyrian cities no one knows for certain why ziggurats were built or how they were used. Ziggurats had a wide base that narrowed to a flat top when the babylonians took over in the south, and the assyrians in the north, ziggurats continued to be built and used in the same manner as they were in ancient sumer.
Ziggurat designs ranged from simple bases upon which a temple sat, to marvels of mathematics and construction which spanned several terraced stories and were topped with a temple an example of a simple ziggurat is the white temple of uruk, in ancient sumer the ziggurat itself is the base on which the white temple is set.
The city of ur was one of the most important sumerian city states in ancient mesopotamia during the 3 rd millennium bc one of best preserved and most spectacular remains of this ancient city is the great ziggurat of ur. Ziggurats were a form of temple common to the sumerians, babylonians and assyrians of ancient mesopotamiathe earliest examples of the ziggurat date from the end of the third millennium bce and the latest date from the 6th century bce. History ancient mesopotamia at the center of each major city in mesopotamia was a large structure called a ziggurat the ziggurat was built to honor the main god of the city.
The sumerians were the first ethnic group to bring civilization to mesopotamia and they were also the first people to build ziggurats in the southern portion of that land, which is generally known as sumer.